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For the most important De Stijl artists, the newfound simplicity, the Neoplasticism, was a means of social and spiritual redemption. De Stijl was not limited just to painting; it also included architecture, stage sets and furniture design. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Köln. Neoplasticism definition: the style of abstract painting evolved by Mondrian and the Dutch de Stijl movement,... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples From the Dutch ‘de nieuwe beelding’, neo-plasticism basically means new art (painting and sculpture are plastic arts). In France, Henri Matisse (1869–1954) had progressed from his Fauvist works to paintings like The Piano Lesson (1916), which asserted the flatness of the picture plane, eliminating depth and volume in favour of the abstract play of lines and colours. Mondrian was also a very eloquent writer, and visionary, writing several articles on his theories of the combining of all the arts. He extended the black lines, using them to form a grid in support of the colored forms. Images via google.rs The Importance of Theory URL: www.bartleby.com/59/: Bartleby.com 2002. Neo-Plasticism, articulated most completely by Dutch artist Piet Mondrian, relied on the most basic elements of painting - color, line, and form - to convey universal and absolute truths. 1988. Surfaces must rectangular planes or prisms. Other articles where Neoplasticism is discussed: Western architecture: Europe: Their “Neoplastic” aesthetic advocated severe precision of line and shape, austerely pristine surfaces, a Spartan economy of form, and purity of colour. In the early 20th century, visual arts were commonly referred to as ‘plastic arts’ — a term simply meant to distinguish visual art from writing, music and theater. Mondrian ____ created a new kind of sculpture by hanging abstract colored forms on wire. But, he disagreed with Kandinsky about the range of elements an abstract painter should use. Neoplasticism was an abstract art style that endeavored to reduce the aesthetic experience to its most basic components in order to express the harmony of the human spirit. The Theory of Neoplasticism - Reducing the Art to Pure Components. This started at the time of the First World War. Every painting, sculpture, building, piece of music, book, etc. neoplasticism. Other articles where Neoplasticism is discussed: Western architecture: Europe: Their “Neoplastic” aesthetic advocated severe precision of line and shape, austerely pristine surfaces, a Spartan economy of form, and purity of colour. Abstract Art culture De Stijl Neo-Plasticism theory of Art. However, this never happens by chance. When Piet Mondrian coined Neoplasticism, he was already a fan of Kandinsky’s writing, and he also believed in abstraction’s potential to communicate the spiritual and the sublime. He wrote of a new world where all the arts including: painting, sculpture, architecture, music, theater would combine as one entity called the new image, the neo-plastic (neoplasticism). Engel, Henk (2009) “Theo van Doesburg & the destruction of architectural theory”, in: Gladys Fabre en Doris Wintgens Hötte (red.). By 1920, Mondrian had arrived at what would become known as the iconic aesthetic of Neoplasticism. Bold … So-called Old Art). It dealt not with trees and hills and human forms, but with concepts such as space, movement, order and patterns. 1. Neoplasticism definition, the theory and practice of the de Stijl school, chiefly characterized by an emphasis on the formal structure of a work of art, and restriction of spatial or linear relations to vertical and horizontal movements as well as restriction of the artist's palette to black, white, and the primary colors. De Stijl, Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. The Dadaists endeavored to mock, confuse and destroy the entire art world, developing a particularly chaotic aesthetic with their absurdist collages. In its earnest search for simplicity and purity it achieved an expression of the most basic elements of existence, and did so in an honest, austere, innovative and harmonious way. Building on the work of the Orphists, who had gracefully expressed the power of color, and the other abstract artists who were diligently exploring ways to express non-representational form and the power of line, Neoplasticism was perhaps inevitable as the perfect culmination of all of these ideas. It is a style that went back to the fundamental elements of the art: color and form,… Private collectionAll images © Piet Mondrian, all images used for illustrative purposes onlyBy Phillip Barcio. And so Mondrian’s concept of Neoplasticism… According to the neoplasticists, the painter, sculptor, architect, musician, writer, etc. At that time people referred to painting and sculpture as the “plastic arts” to distinguish them from written art forms like music and literature. Piet Mondrian - Large Composition A with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow and Blue, 1920, Oil on canvas, 91 x 91 cm. Principles I. Left: Example of De Stijl desing applicable for interior design / Right: Gerrit Rietvel - The chair. De Stijl (Neoplasticism) Art movement De Stijl (/də ˈstaɪl/; Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛil]), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Founded in 1917 in Amsterdam, it advanced abstraction, simplifying paintings to the bare essentials of form and colour; for example only primary colours and black and white would be used alongside squares, rectangles or straight horizontal and vertical lines. The look of Neoplasticism influenced the Bauhaus artists, inspired Constructivism, and even affected artists generations later who were associated with Minimalism. Phillip Barcio support of the period both internal and external factors built in 1924 at Utrecht, a... Representation of the period and fantastical nature of the past considered the focal point collectionAll images © Piet -! 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